Tafsir Ibn Kathir (Surah At-Taubah Chapter # 9)
Tafsir Ibn Kathir -> Surah At-Taubah
Verses Topic
  (Chapter - 9)
1, 2 Which Was Revealed in Al-Madinah
  Why there is no Basmalah in the Beginning of This Surah
3 Publicizing the Disavowal of the Idolators
4 Allah says, this is a declaration,
5 Existing Peace Treaties remained valid until the End of Their Term
6 This is the Ayah of the Sword
7 Idolators are granted Safe Passage if They seek It
8 Affirming the Disavowel of the Idolators
9, 10, 11, 12 Allah encourages the believers to show enmity to the idolators and to dissociate from them, affirming that they do not deserve to enjoy a covenant of peace, because of their Shirk in Allah and disbelief in Allah's Messenger .
13, 14, 15 The Oaths of the Leaders of Disbelief mean nothing to Them
16 Encouragement to fight the Disbelievers, and some Benefits of fighting Them
17, 18 Among the Wisdom of Jihad is to test the Muslims
  It is not for Idolators to maintain the Masjids of Allah
19, 20, 21, 22 Believers are the True Maintainers of the Masjids
23, 24 Providing Pilgrims with Water and maintaining the Sacred Masjid are not equal to Faith and Jihad
25, 26, 27 The Prohibition of taking the Idolators as Supporters, even with Relatives
  The Outcome of Victory by Way of the Unseen Aid
28, 29 The Battle of Hunayn
  Idolators are no longer allowed into Al-Masjid Al-Haram
  The Order to fight People of the Scriptures until They give the Jizyah
30, 31 Paying Jizyah is a Sign of Kufr and Disgrace
32, 33 Fighting the Jews and Christians is legislated because They are Idolators and Disbelievers
  People of the Scriptures try to extinguish the Light of Islam
34, 35 Islam is the Religion That will dominate over all Other Religions
  Warning against Corrupt Scholars and Misguided Worshippers
36 Torment of Those Who hoard Gold and Silver
  The Year consists of Twelve Months
  The Sacred Months
37 Fighting in the Sacred Months
38, 39 Admonishing the Preference of Opinion in a Religious Matter
40 Admonishing clinging to Life rather than rushing to perform Jihad
41 Allah supports His Prophet
42 Jihad is required in all Conditions
43, 44, 45 Why Hypocrites would not join in Jihad
46, 47 Moderately criticizing the Prophet for allowing the Hypocrites to stay behind
48 Exposing Hypocrites
49, 50, 51 Allah encourages His Prophet against hypocrites,
52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57 Allah emphasizes the enmity that the hypocrites have for the Prophet .
58, 59 Exposing Hypocrites' Fright and Fear
60 Hypocrites question the Integrity of the Messenger when distributing Alms
  Expenditures of Zakah (Alms)
  The Fuqara' (Poor)
  The Masakin (Needy)
  Those employed to collect Alms
  The Riqab
  Virtue of freeing Slaves
  Al-Gharimun (the Indebted)
  In the Cause of Allah
61 Ibn As-Sabil (Wayfarer)
62, 63 Hypocrites annoy the Prophet
64 Hypocrites revert to Lies to please People
65, 66 The Hypocrites fear Public Exposure of Their Secrets
67, 68 The Hypocrites rely on False, Misguided Excuses
69, 70 Other Characteristics of Hypocrites
71 Advising the Hypocrites to learn a Lesson from Those before Them
72 Qualities of Faithful Believers
73, 74 Good News for the Believers of Eternal Delight
  The Order for Jihad against the Disbelievers and Hypocrites
  Reason behind revealing Ayah 9:74
75, 76, 77, 78 Hypocrites try to kill the Prophet
79 Hypocrites seek Wealth but are Stingy with Alms
80 Hypocrites defame Believers Who give the Little Charity They can afford
81, 82 The Prohibition of asking for Forgiveness for Hypocrites
83 Hypocrites rejoice because They remained behind from Tabuk!
84 Hypocrites are barred from participating in Jihad
85, 86, 87 The Prohibition of Prayer for the Funeral of Hypocrites
88, 89 Admonishing Those Who did not join the Jihad
90, 91, 92, 93 After Allah mentioned the sins of the hypocrites, He praised the faithful believers and described their reward in the Hereafter,
94, 95, 96 Legitimate Excuses for staying away from Jihad
97, 98, 99 Exposing the Deceitful Ways of Hypocrites
100 The Bedouins are the Worst in Disbelief and Hypocrisy
101 Virtues of the Muhajirin, Ansar and Those Who followed Them in Faith
102 Hypocrites among the Bedouins and Residents of Al-Madinah
103, 104 Some Believers stayed away from Battle because They were Lazy
105 The Command to collect the Zakah and Its Benefits
106 Warning the Disobedient
107, 108 Delaying the Decision about the Three Companions Who stayed away from the Battle of Tabuk
  Masjid Ad-Dirar and Masjid At-Taqwa
109, 110 Virtues of Masjid Quba
111 The Difference between Masjid At-Taqwa and Masjid Ad-Dirar
112 Allah has purchased the Souls and Wealth of the Mujahidin in Return for Paradise
113, 114 This is the description of the believers from whom Allah has purchased their souls and wealth, who have these beautiful and honorable qualities,
115, 116 The Prohibition of supplicating for Polytheists
117 Recompense comes after Proof is established
118, 119 Battle of Tabuk
  The Three, Whose Decision was deferred by the Messenger of Allah
120 The Order to speak the Truth
121, 122 Rewards of Jihad
123 Allah the Exalted here explains His order to Muslims to march forth with the Messenger of Allah for the battle of Tabuk.
124, 125 The Order for Jihad against the Disbelievers, the Closest, then the Farthest Areas
126, 127 Faith of the Believers increases, while Hypocrites increase in Doubts and Suspicion
128, 129 Hypocrites suffer Afflictions